This is a CIWS developed by the Spanish manufacturer Bazán (now Fabrica de Artilleria Bazán - FABA) using twelve Oerlikon 20 mm/120 guns organized in two rows of six guns each. The barrels are slightly skewed in order to expand the lethal area.
The original version of this weapon system used an off-mount radar for target search. This handed off to an on-mount Lockheed Electronics PVS-2 Sharpshooter I-band radar which was designed to acquire targets at 5,000 m (5,500 yards), allow the CIWS to achieve first impact at 1,500 m (1,640 yards) and destroy the target by 500 m (550 yards). An optronic system is provided for backup in a jamming environment and there is an off-boresight tracker to handle very-low flying targets. Later, an Israeli designed IR tracker was added. These mountings operate "open-loop," in other words, they do not correct for observed errors in the firing solution.
The current Model 2B has a more sophisticated fire control processor and a digital processor for system control. It also includes an Indra (formerly ENOSA) thermal imager.
The Spanish Navy estimates that there is an 87% probability of destroying an incoming missile with a single 12-round burst.
|Designation||Guns: Oerlikon 20 mm/120 (0.79")
Mounting: Meroka SPG-M2B
|Ship Class Used On||Principe de Asturias, Baleares and Santa María classes|
|Date Of Design||N/A|
|Date In Service||N/A|
|Gun Length oa||N/A|
|Bore Length||about 94.5 in (2.400 m)|
|Rate Of Fire||1,440 rounds per minute cyclic (all twelve barrels) 1|
- ^This weapon fires two bursts per second. Each burst consists of 4 groups of 3 rounds each. This pattern was selected in order to minimize the recoil forces. A burst takes 0.080 seconds to complete.
|Weight of Complete Round||0.71 lbs. (0.32 kg)|
|Projectile Types and Weights||
|Bursting Charge||None (solid penetrator)|
Complete Round: 7.87 in (20 cm)
|Cartridge||20 x 128 mm (actual cartridge size is 128.7 mm)|
|Muzzle Velocity||4,232 fps (1,290 mps)|
|Approximate Barrel Life||N/A|
|Ammunition stowage per gun
|60 rounds per barrel (720 total)|
Bazán describes the ammunition as a special "hard-core" type designed for maximum penetration into missile bodies.
Penetrator has a diameter of 0.47 inches (12 mm).
"The Naval Institute Guide to World Naval Weapon Systems 1991/92" and "1994 Update" both by Norman Friedman
"Defense & Armament Heracles International" Issue #54, September 1986
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Special help from Matthew Rodchenko
21 May 2006 - Benchmark
18 February 2012 - Updated to latest template