This document defines the French abbreviations, designations and terms that are found on the France Naval Gun pages.
BOF - Boulet Ogival en Fonte. Exercise (training) projectiles.
Douille - Brass cartridge
Gargousse - Bagged powder charge
OEA - Obus Explosif en Acier. High Explosive projectiles.
OEcl - Obus Eclairant. Starshell.
OI - Obus Incendiare. Incendiary shell.
OPf or OPf RC - Obus de Perforation or Obus de Perforation de Rupture Coiffé. French definition for APC.
OPfK or OPf(K) - Obus de Perforation dispositif 'K'. APC with dye bag. Unlike many nations, French APC dye shells included a nose fuze and a small explosive charge to disperse the dye. This made it possible to not only color the shell splashes but also to color hits.
Melanite - Shell burster made from French picric acid, roughly equivalent to Lyddite.
Poudre B - Poudre Blanche or "white powder." The original French nitrocellulose, adopted by the French Navy around 1890. The name was to distinguish the new propellant from gunpowder, which was known as Poudre N for Poudre Noire "black powder."
BM - Blanche Modifié? or "Modified White?" Improved French nitrocellulose adopted about 1912. Followed by a number which indicated thickness, such as BM15. This number was somewhat arbitrary, but a larger number did indicate a thicker strip.
SD - Solventless double-based propellant adopted in the 1930s. Followed by an arbitrary number, although a larger number indicated a larger grain size.
Mle - Modèle or "Model" followed by the design year. Used in designations for shells, cartridges, guns and mountings.
ACAD - Automatique Contre-Avions Double. Automatic AA Twin Mounting.
CA - Contre Avions. Anti-Aircraft.
CAD - Contre-Avions Double. AA Twin Mounting.
CADAM - Cadence Améliorée. Improved firing. An modernization program for French guns such as the 100 mm/55 Model 1968 intended to increase their firing rate.
CAQ - Contre-Avions Quadruple. AA Quad Mounting.
CAS - Contre-Avions Simple. AA Single Mounting.
SMCA - Sous-Marin Contre-Avions. Submarine AA Mounting.
29 November 2009 - New datapage
25 February 2012 - Added SMCA definition
01 April 2013 - Minor changes
27 March 2018 - Added definitions for Douille and Gargousse